DOMESTIC MARKET OBLIGATION (DMO) POLICY AND ITS IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGIES


Abstract


The increasing of coal consumption in various industries in Indonesia causes the increasing of coal domestic demand. On the other hand, the sharp increasing of coal production almost 16 times during 17 years is exported (75%) in majority.

 

By using the polynomial quadratic approach, in year 2025, coal production is projected as 741 million tons (176% to National Energy Policy target as 421 million tons), coal exports as 509.3 million tons (275% to National Energy Policy target as 185 million tons) and domestic demand as 236 million tons. This is in accordance with the National Energy Policy (KEN=Kebijakan Energi Nasional) target.

 

The presence of Government Regulation Number 34 year 2009 on the Domestic Market Obligation (DMO) is a breakthrough to solve the above problems. It is a challenge for the government as a regulatory board to implement this policy. Some strategic alternatives to implement this policy is by using the Budget Activities Plan (Rencana Kegiatan Anggaran Belanja = RKAB) instruments optimally, control system effectivity, and punish- ment applying consistency.


Keywords


coal supply, DMO, RKAB, control system

Full Text:

PDF

References


Anonymous, 2009. Minister Regulation Number 34 year 2009 about the prioritizing supply of mineral and coal domestic needs, Jakarta.

Anonymous, 2009. Republic of Indonesia Law Number 4 year 2009 about Mineral and Coal Mining.

Anonymous, 2010. Government Regulation Number 23 Tahun 2010 about The Implementation Activities on Mineral and Coal Enterprises.

Anonymous, 2010. Minister Regulation Number 17 year 2010 about the procedure for Determination of Mineral and Coal Benchmark Price, Jakarta.

Anonymous, 2012. Opportunity on Indonesian Mineral and Coal Industry, Directorate General of Mineral and Coal, the 5th Indonesia-Korea Energy Forum (IKEF V), Jeju, Korea.

Directorate General of Mineral and Coal (DGMC), 2011. Indonesia Mineral, Coal, Geothermal and Groud Water Statistics 2011, Jakarta, 253 p.

Directorate Program of Mineral Supervision, Coal and Geothermal (DPSMCG), 2009. Indonesia Mineral, Coal, Geothermal and Groud Water Statistics 2008, Jakarta, 121 p.

Direktorat Pembinaan Pengusahaan Mineral dan Batubara, 2010. Pengawasan dan Evaluasi DMO Batubara Tahun 2010, Jakarta, 10 hal.

Menteri ESDM, 2006. Blueprint Pengelolaan Energi Nasional 2005-2025, Jakarta.

Presiden Republik Indonesia, 2006. Republic of Indo- nesia President Regulation Number 5. Year 2006 about National Energy Policy.

Prihartono, E., 2009. Pelaksanaan pengawasan fung- sional dalam rangka menuju optimalisasi kerja, Tesis Program Magister Ilmu Hukum, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang, 130 hal.

Silalahi, S.A.F. and Saragih, J.P., 2010. Kebijakan pen- dukung batubara sebagai komponen diversifikasi energi tahun 2025, Jurnal Ekonomi & Kebijakan Publik, Vol. 1 No. 1, Juni 2010, hal. 25-46.

Suherman, I, 2007. Kajian Batubara Nasional, Prosid- ing Kolokium Pertambangan, Puslitbang Teknologi Mineral Dan Batubara, hal. 114-124.

Suherman, I., 2009. Masa Kini dan Masa Depan Batu- bara Indonesia, Prosiding Kolokium Pertambangan 2009, Puslitbang Teknologi Mineral Dan Batubara, hal. 55-69.

Suherman, I., Suhendar, Suseno, T., Jafril and Sujono, 2010. Analisis tata pemasokan dan permintaan batubara untuk PLTU existing dan program pem-

bangunan PLTU 10.000 MW, Puslitbang Teknologi Mineral dan Batubara, hal. 53-68.

Yazid, 2001. Implementasi sistem informasi: dari resistensi, rekayasa bisnis, hingga penciptaan kemakmuran, Jurnal Siasat Bisnis No. 6 Vol.1, hal. 89-105.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Indonesian Mining Journal

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.