Zulfahmi Zulfahmi, Zulkifli Pulungan



One of the risk potentials that must be alerted for underground coal gasification(UCG) technology is surface subsidence, although such a technology is potential to be developed in Indonesia. Therefore, the characteristics of rock strata above the coal seam needs to be deliberately considered. Downhole seismic data is one of the data that is needed to determine the geotechnical characteristics of the rock layers near the surface. Previously, it is considered that physical, mechanical and dynamic properties of the rocks at same geological formation have equal characteristics although they come from different locations. However, based on correlation test to downhole seismic data using multivariate analysis showed that no significant correlation between the measured data from Macangsakti-1 and Macangsakti-2 with those of Mahayung from different location, although they are in the same geological formation. This fact is shown by the analysis result which shows a significance value of <0.05. Macangsakti-1 and Macangsakti 2, which are located closely, showed a significant value of >0.05. It means that there are no significant data differences between the two locations. It is very likely since there are a lot of factors that affect such conditions, especially the influence of tectonics at each location. In addition, factors of the surface condition such as infiltrations of ground water from the surface towards the unsaturated zone also affect the difference of wave propagation velocity at each location. Thus, it should be noted that the condition of rock layers are site specific to determine the characteristics of the sites it should be measured at the sites and can not be generalized with other locations, although they are in the same geological formation.


underground coal gasification, downhole seismic, multivariate analysis

Full Text:



Badan Geologi, 2012. Neraca energi fossil tahun 2011, Kementerian ESDM.

Bhutto, A.W., Bazmi, A.A., Zahedi, G., 2012. Under- ground coal gasification: From fundamentals to applications, Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, 39 (2013) 189-214, journal homepage:

Ghazi, A., Moghadas, N.H., Sadeghi, H., Ghafoori, M., Lashkaripur, G.R., 2015. Empirical relationships of shear wave velocity, SPT-N value and vertical effective stress for different soils in Mashhad, Iran, Annals of Geophysics, 58, 3, 2015, S0325; doi:10.4401/ag-6635.

Ghozali, Imam, 2013. Aplikasi analisis multivariat den- gan program IBM SPSS 21 Update PLS Regresi, Badan Penerbit Universitas Dipenogoro.

Mayne, P.W., Christopher, B.R., DeJong, J., 2001. Geotechnical site characterization, Manual on Sub- surface Investigations, National Highway Institute Publication No. FHWA NHI-01-031 Federal High- way Administration Washington, DC., p. 5-27.

Patel, S., Bhavsar, C.D., 2013. Analysis of pharma- cokinetic data by wilk’s lambda an important tool of manova). International Journal of Pharmaceutical Science Invention, 2319 – 670, p.36-44.

Shell Mijnbouw, 1978. Explanatory notes to the geo- logical map of the South Sumatra coal Province, Jakarta, 18 p.

Torres, N., Atkins, AS., Singh, R.N., 2014. Assessment of an environmental sustainability index for the underground coal gasification process by using numerical analysis, University of Wollongong.

Timothy D. Stark, T.D., Dehlin, T.J., Nazarian, S., Azari, H., Yuan, D., and Ho, C.L., 2014. Seismic surface wave testing for track substructure assessment. Proceedings of the 2014 Joint Rail Conference, JRC2014, Colorado Springs, CO, USA.

Wair, B. R., DeJong, J. T. & Shantz, T., 2012. Guide- lines for estimation of shear wave velocity pro- files. Berkeley, CA: Pacific Earthquake Research Center.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Indonesian Mining Journal

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.