PENGARUH KOMPOS CAMPURAN AMPAS DAUN SEREH WANGI DENGAN ABU TERBANG TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN Cananga odorata

Alfi Laila Zuhriansah, Irdika Mansur, Sri Wilarso Budi R.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.30556/jtmb.Vol16.No2.2020.1077

Sari


Abu terbang digunakan sebagai bahan campuran alternatif dalam pengomposan ampas daun sereh wangi sebagai pengganti dolomit. Campuran ampas daun sereh wangi dengan 2%, 5%, 10%, dan 15% abu terbang, ditambah 2% dolomit maupun tanpa penambahan bahan alkali dikomposkan terlebih dahulu. Kompos ditambahkan ke dalam tanah dengan perbandingan 1:1 b/b untuk mengetahui pengaruhnya terhadap pertumbuhan Cananga odorata. Parameter pertumbuhan yang diamati yaitu pertambahan tinggi dan diameter tanaman, jumlah akar sekunder, panjang akar, berat kering pucuk dan akar, biomassa total, serapan hara, serta nisbah pucuk akar yang dianalisis 6 minggu setelah tanam. Analisis kandungan C-organik, N, P, K, Cu, Mn, Cd, Pb, dan As dilakukan pada media dan jaringan tanaman yang mendapat perlakuan tanah dengan penambahan kompos dari campuran ampas daun sereh wangi dengan 15% abu terbang (P6) dan dibandingkan dengan kandungan nutrisi yang sama pada media tanah tanpa kompos (K) maupun media dengan kompos dari campuran ampas daun sereh wangi dengan 2% dolomit (P2). Perlakuan P6 menghasilkan N, P dan K total yang cenderung tinggi, meningkatkan akumulasi dan serapan N hingga 20%, serta pH media tanam yang stabil pada kondisi netral. Perlakuan P6 juga menghasilkan konsentrasi Pb, Mn, Cu, As dan Cd dalam media tanam, serta akumulasinya dalam jaringan C. odorata yang rendah. Perlakuan P6 ke dalam tanah dapat menurunkan akumulasi Mn dan Cu dalam jaringan C. odorata. Berdasarkan hasil tersebut, kompos dengan campuran abu terbang dapat dimanfaatkan sebagai bahan alternatif pengganti kompos dengan campuran dolomit.

Kata Kunci


ampas daun sereh wangi, Cananga odorata, abu terbang, serapan hara

Teks Lengkap:

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Referensi


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